The Use of Coal in Singapore

July 19, 2011 by  
Filed under Insights

coalHere’s an update on the use of coal in Singapore:

Tuas Power’s coal plant

Read the chronology of the clean coal and biomass cogeneration plant by Tuas Power.

Tuas Power’s new coal and biomass plant at Jurong Island would start operations mid next year, and the company has signed a contract with Indonesia’s PT Bayan Resources to supply 13.36 million tonnes of sub-bituminous coal over the next 15 years from Kalimantan, and has also struck a deal with South Korea’s Samtam Co Ltd to supply coal. Tuas Power is also concluding a deal for the palm kernel, which makes up the 20% biomass component of the plant feedstock (the other 80% is coal).

If a calculation is done only for the coal supplied by PT Bayan Resources, and excluding the coal from Samtam Co Ltd and the palm biomass, the combustion of 13.36 million tonnes of sub-bituminous coal would emit about 24 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (using the Greenhouse Gas Protocol’s calculation tool). Read more

IDC’s LCA Calculator Makes It Easy to Conduct Life Cycle Assessment of Products

May 4, 2011 by  
Filed under Insights

UK product design agency, Industrial Design Consultancy (IDC), has recently launched the LCA Calculator, a new web-based solution for lifecycle analysis of products.

Life Cycle Analysis or Assessment (LCA) refers to the study of the environmental impact of a product over its entire life-span. The LCA Calculator by IDC provides users with a simple solution to conduct and compare the life cycle assessment of a product and calculate its carbon footprint over the entire period of its life – from manufacture, transport, product use to disposal. Read more

Green Manufacturing Technologies and Products at the Sustainable Manufacturing Centre in Singapore

March 21, 2011 by  
Filed under Insights

The Sustainable Manufacturing Centre (SMC) is an industry innovation centre under the Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (SIMTech), a research institute of the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR).

SMC was set up to help the manufacturing industry develop and implement innovative sustainable manufacturing technologies that reduce emissions, waste and toxicity. SMC currently offers research and core capabilities in:

  • Sustainability assessment tools and techniques
  • Carbon measurement and reduction strategies
  • Eco-design of sustainable products
  • Processing and application of sustainable materials
  • Knowledge and technologies for resource efficient manufacturing
  • Resource recovery and recycling from manufacturing waste
  • Remanufacturing
  • Sustainable packaging
  • Green supply chain management

If your company is looking for sustainable manufacturing solutions and technologies, or is interested to find out the environmental life cycle impact and carbon footprint of your products, do visit and contact the Sustainable Manufacturing Centre. Read more

Launch of Low Carbon Singapore

May 20, 2009 by  
Filed under Insights


Green Future Solutions has just launched our new website, Low Carbon Singapore, an online community dedicated to help Singapore reduce her carbon emissions and move towards the goal of a low carbon economy. Our aim is to educate individuals, communities, businesses and organisations on issues relating to climate change, global warming and clean energy, and to help them take action and reduce their carbon footprint through useful information, news, tips and resources.

Do take some time to browse around our site at If you have any suggestions to make the site better or to report any bugs, do let us know. Thanks.

Be Conscious of the Food You Eat

May 8, 2009 by  
Filed under Insights

The food we eat could have travelled long distances and be produced in an unsustainable way. We need to be conscious of what we eat – how our food is grown and produced.

But the 20th-century industrialization of agriculture has increased the amount of greenhouse gases emitted by the food system by an order of magnitude; chemical fertilizers (made from natural gas), pesticides (made from petroleum), farm machinery, modern food processing and packaging and transportation have together transformed a system that in 1940 produced 2.3 calories of food energy for every calorie of fossil-fuel energy it used into one that now takes 10 calories of fossil-fuel energy to produce a single calorie of modern supermarket food. Put another way, when we eat from the industrial-food system, we are eating oil and spewing greenhouse gases. – Michael Pollan, Farmer in Chief

Choose Locally Produced Food

In Singapore, we import most of our food from all over the world, including Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Taiwan, Japan, China, New Zealand, Australia, US, and Brazil. According to a recent Straits Times article, only about 3% of the land area in Singapore is used for farming and local produce makes up 7% of leafy vegetables and 4% of fish consumed here (there’s no local production of meat). This means that we are contributing to more carbon emissions and fuel usage for shipping and transporting food from overseas.

local-farmYou can choose to buy food that are grown locally such as vegetables and seafood from supermarkets and wet markets. Or you can buy directly from some of the farms at the Kranji Countryside. By buying local, you are helping to reduce your carbon footprint and support the livelihood of local farmers.

Grow Your Own Vegetables

Growing your own vegetables is fun and helps to reduce resources and energy for food import, transportation and packaging. Seeds for growing vegetables are easily available from horticultural shops and supermarkets. You can choose to grow them in soil or using hydroponics. Visit the Green Culture Singapore gardening website and forum for tips and resources on growing your own vegetables.

You can also join the Community In Bloom programme, which encourages community gardening in housing estates and allows residents to create gardens for flowers, herbs, spices, or vegetables.

Choose Healthier Food

organic-foodGo vegetarian once a week or more, and eat less meat especially beef. Animal farming, meat processing and shipping waste a large amount of resources. Eating more vegetables and vegetarian food is generally good for your health and helps you reduce your carbon footprint. Visit the Vegetarian Society (Singapore) website for more tips and locations of vegetarian food outlets.

Choose natural and organic food products that do not use chemical fertilisers and pesticides. It is good for your health, prevents less chemicals from entering the environment and reduces the resources used in fertiliser production. You can check out this article on “A guide to organic shopping” for more details on organic products and local shops that sell them.

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